Bibliography Resource


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Resource Articles

Compiled from the U Penn Behavioral Health Department of Psychiatry Website with special thanks to Michael Perlis, PhD


Best Practice Guide for the Treatment of REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD)

Standards of Practice Committee: R. Nisha Aurora, M.D.; Rochelle S. Zak, M.D.; Rama K. Maganti, M.D.; Sanford H. Auerbach, M.D.; Kenneth R. Casey, M.D.; Susmita Chowdhuri, M.D.; Anoop Karippot, M.D.; Kannan Ramar, M.D.; David A. Kristo, M.D.;and Timothy I. Morgenthaler, M.D.

Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Vol.6, No. 1, 2010, pp. 85-95


Clinical Guideline for the Evaluation, Management and Long-term Care of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults

Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Task Force of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Task Force Members: Lawrence J. Epstein, M.D. (Chair); David Kristo, M.D.; Patrick J. Strollo, Jr., M.D.; Norman Friedman, M.D.; Atul Malhotra, M.D.; Susheel P. Patil, M.D., Ph.D.; Kannan Ramar, M.D.; Robert Rogers, D.M.D.; Richard J. Schwab, M.D.; Edward M. Weaver, M.D., M.P.H.; and Michael D. Weinstein, M.D. 

Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Vol.5, No. 3, 2009, pp 263-278


Evaluation of Chronic Insomnia

An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Review

Michael J. Sateia, MD, Karl Doghramji, MD, Peter J. Hauri, PhD, and Charles M. Morin, PhD.

SLEEP, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2000, pp.2-66.


The Flinders Fatigue Scale: Preliminary Psychometric Properties and Clinical Sensitivity of a New Scale for Measuring Daytime Fatigue associated with Insomnia

Michael Gradisar, Ph.D.; Leon Lack, Ph.D.; Hayley Richards, B.Psyc.(Hon.); Jodie Harris, B.Psyc.(Hon.); Julie Gallasch, B.Psyc.(Hon.); Michelle Boundy, B.Psyc.(Hon.);

and Anna Johnston, B.Psyc.(Hon.). 

JCSM Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 7, 2007, pp. 722-728.


A Novel Therapy for REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD)

Michael J. Howell, M.D.; Patricia A. Arneson, R.N.; and Carlos H. Schenck, M.D.

Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Vol. 7, No. 6, 2011, pp 639-644.


Practice Parameters for the Evaluation of Chronic Insomnia

An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Report Standards of Practice Committee of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine:

Andrew Chesson, Jr. Kristyna Hartse, W. McDowell Anderson, David Davila, Stephen

Johnson, Michael Littner, Merrill Wise, and Jose Rafecas.

SLEEP, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2000, pp. 1-5.


Practice Parameters for the Psychological and Behavioral Treatment of Insomnia: An Update. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Report

Standards of Practice Committee of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine:

Timothy Morgenthaler, MD; Milton Kramer, MD; Cathy Alessi, MD; Leah Friedman, MA, PhD; Brian Boehlecke, MD; Terry Brown, DO; Jack Coleman, MD; Vishesh Kapur, MD; Teofilo Lee-Chiong, MD; Judith Owens, MD; Jeffrey Pancer, DDS; and Todd Swick, MD.

SLEEP, Vol. 29, No. 11, 2006, pp. 1415-1419.


Practice Parameters for Using Polysomnography to Evaluate Insomnia:


An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Report Standards of Practice Committee of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine:

Michael Littner, MD; Max Hirshkowitz, PhD; Milton Kramer, MD; Sheldon Kapen, MD; W. McDowell Anderson, MD; Dennis Bailey, DDS; Richard B. Berry, MD; David Davila, MD; Stephen Johnson, MD; Clete Kushida, MD, PhD; Daniel I. Loube, MD; Merrill Wise, MD; and B. Tucker Woodson, MD.

SLEEP, Vol. 26, No. 6, 2003, pp. 754-760.


Psychological And Behavioral Treatment Of Insomnia:Update Of The Recent Evidence (1998-2004)

Charles M. Morin, PhD, (Chair); Richard R. Bootzin, PhD; Daniel J. Buysse, MD; Jack D. Edinger, PhD; Colin A. Espie, PhD; Kenneth L. Lichstein, PhD.

SLEEP, Vol. 29, No. 11, 2006, pp. 1398-1414.


Analysis of Stimulus Control Treatment of Sleep-Onset Insomnia

Cheryl A. Zwart and Stephen A. Lisman

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1979, Vol. 47, No. 1, 113-118


Behavioral Insomnia Therapy for Fibromyalgia Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Jack D. Edinger, PhD; William K. Wohlgemuth, PhD; Andrew D. Krystal, MD; John R. Rice, MD

Archives of Internal Medicine/Vol. 165, Nov 28, 2005


Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia: Comparison of Individual Therapy, Group Therapy, and Telephone Consultations

Ce´lyne H. Bastien, Charles M. Morin, Marie-Christine Ouellet, France C. Blais, and Se´bastien Bouchard

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004, Vol. 72, No. 4, 653–659


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Enhances Depression Outcome in Patients with Comorbid Major Depressive Disorder and Insomnia

Rachel Manber, PhD; Jack D. Edinger, PhD; Jenna L. Gress, BA; Melanie G. San Pedro-Salcedo, MA; Tracy F. Kuo, PhD; Tasha Kalista, MA.

SLEEP, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2008, pp. 489-495


Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Pharmacotherapy for Insomnia: A Randomized Controlled Trial and Direct Comparison

Gregg D. Jacobs, PhD; Edward F. Pace-Schott, MA; Robert Stickgold, PhD; and Michael W. Otto, PhD

Archives of Internal Medicine/Vol. 164, Sep. 27, 2004, pp. 1888-1896.


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Treatment of Chronic Primary Insomnia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Jack D. Edinger, PhD, William K. Wohlgemuth, PhD, Rodney A. Radtke, MD, Gail R. Marsh, PhD, and Ruth E. Quillian, PhD.

JAMA, April 11, 2001—Vol 285, No. 14, pp. 1856-1864


A Cognitive Theory and Therapy for Chronic Insomnia

Allison G. Harvey, PhD

Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly; Volume 19, Number 1 • 2005, pp.41-58


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs. Zopiclone for Treatment of Chronic Primary Insomnia in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Børge Sivertsen, PsyD, Siri Omvik, PsyD, Sta°le Pallesen, PhD, Bjørn Bjorvatn, MD, PhD, Odd E. Havik, PhD, Gerd Kvale, PhD, Geir Høstmark Nielsen, PsyD, and Inger

Hilde Nordhus, PhD.

JAMA, June 28, 2006; Vol 295, No. 24, pp. 2851-2858


Comparative Efficacy of Behavior Therapy, Cognitive Therapy, and Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Chronic Insomnia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Allison G. Harvey, Lynda Bélanger, Lisa Talbot, Polina Eidelman, Simon Beaulieu-Bonneau, Émilie Fortier-Brochu, Hans Ivers, Manon Lamy , Kerrie Hein, Adriane M. Soehner, Chantal Mérette, and Charles M. Morin.

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2014, Vol. 82, No. 4, 670–683


A Decision Rule for Diagnostic Testing in Obstructive Sleep Apnea 

Willis H. Tsai, John E. Remmers, Rollin Brant, W. Ward Flemons, Jan Davies, and Colin Macarthur.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol 167. pp 1427–1432, 2003


Sleep EEG Predictors and Correlates of the Response to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Insomnia

Andrew D. Krystal, MD, MS , and Jack D. Edinger, PhD

SLEEP, Vol. 33, No. 5, 2010, pp. 669-677.


Effect of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia on sleep architecture and sleep EEG power spectra in psychophysiological insomnia

Katerina Cervenai, Yves Dauvilliers, Fabrice Espa, Jacques Touchon, Milos Matousek, Michel Billiard, and Alain Besset.

J. Sleep Res. (2004) 13, 385–393


Effects of Cognitive Arousal and Physiological Arousal on Sleep Perception

Nicole K. Y. Tang, BSSc, and Allison G. Harvey, PhD.

SLEEP, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2004, pp. 69-78.


The Effects of Presleep Stress on Sleep-Onset Insomnia

Stephen N. Haynes, Augustus Adams, and Michael Franzen.

Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1981, 90(6), 601-606.


Efficacy of a behavioral self-help treatment with or without therapist guidance for co-morbid and primary insomnia -a randomized controlled trial

Susanna Jernelöv, Mats Lekander, Kerstin Blom, Sara Rydh, Brjánn Ljótsson, John Axelsson, and Viktor Kaldo

BMC Psychiatry 2012, 12:5


Epidemiology of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Population Health Perspective

Terry Young, Paul E. Peppard, and Daniel J. Gottlieb

Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol 165. pp 1217–1239, 2002


Identifying Effectiv Psychological Treatments for Insomnia: A Meta-Analysis

Douglas R.R. Murtagh and Kenneth M. Greenwood.

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1995, 63(1), 79-89.


The Insomnia Severity Index: Psychometric Indicators to Detect Insomnia Cases and Evaluate Treatment Response

Charles M. Morin, PhD; Geneviève Belleville, PhD; Lynda Bélanger, PhD; and Hans Ivers, PhD.

SLEEP, Vol. 34, No. 5, 2011, pp. 601-608


Meta-Analysis of Quantitative Sleep Parameters From Childhood to Old Age in Healthy Individuals: Developing Normative Sleep Values Across the Human Lifespan

Maurice M. Ohayon, MD, DSc, PhD; Mary A. Carskadon, PhD; Christian Guilleminault, MD; and Michael V. Vitiello, PhD.

SLEEP, Vol. 27, No. 7, 2004, pp. 1255-1273.


The microstructure of sleep in primary insomnia: An overview and extension

Bernd Feige , Chiara Baglioni, Kai Spiegelhalder, Verena Hirscher, Christoph Nissen, and Dieter Riemann.

International Journal of Psychophysiology 89 (2013) 171–180


Misperception of sleep can adversely affect daytime functioning in insomnia

Christina Neitzert Semlera and Allison G. Harvey

Behaviour Research and Therapy 43 (2005) 843–856


A Preliminary Evaluation of the Physiological Mechanisms of Action for Sleep Restriction Therapy

Annie Vallières, Tijana Ceklic, Célyne H. Bastien, and Colin A. Espie.

Sleep Disorders, Volume 2013, Article ID 726372, 15 pages


Referral Practices for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia: A Survey Study

Deirdre A. Conroy andMatthew R. Ebben.

Behavioural Neurology, Volume 2015, Article ID 819402, 4 pages


Relaxation and Sleep Compression for Late-Life Insomnia: A Placebo-Controlled Trial

Kenneth L. Lichstein, Brant W. Reidel, Nancy M. Wilson, Kristen W. Lester, and R. Neal Aguillard.

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2001, 65(2), 227-239.


Safety behaviors and dysfunctional beliefs about sleep: Testing a cognitive model of the maintenance of insomnia

Juleen Woodley and Simon Smith.

Journal of Psychosomatic Research 60 (2006) 551– 557


Secondary insomnia: diagnostic challenges and intervention opportunities

Christina S. McCrae and Kenneth L. Lichstein

Sleep Medicine Reviews, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp 47–61, 2001


Secondary insomnia: a myth dismissed

Kenneth L. Lichstein

Sleep Medicine Reviews (2006) 10, 3–5


Sleep Homeostasis and Models of Sleep Regulation

Alexander A. Borbely and Peter Achermann.

In Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, Third Edition; Meir H. Kryger, MD, FRCPC, Thomas Roth, PhD, and William C. Dement, MD, PhD (Eds.).

W.B. Saunders Company, 2000


Sleeping with the enemy: Clock monitoring in the maintenance of insomnia

Nicole K.Y. Tanga, D. Anne Schmidtb, and Allison G. Harvey

Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 38 (2007) 40–55


Adherence to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia: A Systematic Review

Ellyn E. Matthews, J. Todd Arnedt, Michaela S. McCarthy, Leisha J. Cuddihy, and Mark S. Aloia6

Sleep Med. Rev., 2013 December; 17(6)


Sleep quality predicts positive and negative affect but not vice versa. An electronic diary study in depressed and healthy individuals

Mara E.J. Bouwmansa, Elisabeth H. Bosa, H.J. Rogier Hoendersb, Albertine J. Oldehinkela, and Peter de Jongea.

Journal of Affective Disorders 207 (2017) 260–267


Behavioral Treatment of Insomnia: A Clinical Case Series Study 

M. Perlis, M. Aloia, A. Millikan, J. Boehmler, M. Smith, , D. Greenblatt, and D. Giles.

Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 23, No 2, 2000, pp. 149-161


Behavioral Treatment of Insomnia: Treatment Outcome and the Relevance of Medical and Psychiatric Morbidity

Michael L. Perlis, M. Sharpe, Michael T. Smith, D. Greenblatt, and D. Giles.

Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2001, Vol. 24(3), 281-296.


The Natural History of Insomnia: What We Know, Don’t Know, and Need to Know

Michael Perlis, PhD, Philip Gehrman, and Jason Ellis.

Sleep Med Res 2011, 2:79-88


Comparative Meta-Analysis of Pharmacotherapy and Behavior Therapy for Persistent Insomnia

Michael T. Smith, Ph.D., Michael L. Perlis, Ph.D., Amy Park, B.S., Michelle S. Smith, Ph.D., JaeMi Pennington, B.S., Donna E. Giles, Ph.D., and Daniel J. Buysse, M.D.

Am J Psychiatry 2002; 159:5–11


Etiology and Pathophysiology of Insomnia

Michael L. Perlis, Michael T. Smith, and Wilfred Pigeon

Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, Elsevier, 2005


Insomnia and Depression: Birds of a Feather?

Wilfred R Pigeon and Michael L Perlis

INT J SLEEP DISORDERS Vol 1 No 3 2007, pp. 82-91


Intermittent and Long-Term Use of Sedative Hypnotics

Michael Perlis, Philip Gehrman, and Dieter Riemann.

Current Pharmaceutical Design, 2008, 14, 3456-3465


The long-term management of chronic insomnia: recommendations for primary care physicians

Wilfred R. Pigeon and Michael L. Perlis,

INSOM, Issue 5 June 2005


The mesograde amnesia of sleep may be attenuated in subjects with primary insomnia

Michael L. Perlisa, Michael T. Smith, Henry J. Orff, Patrick J. Andrews, and Donna E. Gilesa.

Physiology & Behavior 74 (2001) 71– 76


Who Is a Candidate for Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia?

Michael T. Smith and Michael L. Perlis

Health Psychology, 2006, Vol. 25, No. 1, 15–19


Neurobiologic Mechanisms in Chronic Insomnia

Michael Perlis, PhD, William Pigeon, PhD, Phil Gehrman, PhD, Jim Findley, PhD, and Sean Drummond, PhD.

Sleep Med Clin - (2009)


Placebo effects in primary insomnia

Michael L. Perlisa, W. Vaughn McCall, Carla R. Jungquist, Wilfred R. Pigeon, and Sara E. Matteson.

Sleep Medicine Reviews (in press)


Models of Insomnia

Michael Perlis, Paul Shaw, Georgina Cano, and Colin Espie

Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 5 th Edition, 2011


Acute insomnia: Current conceptualizations and future directions

Jason G. Ellis, Philip Gehrman, Colin A. Espie, Dieter Riemann, and Michael L. Perlis

Sleep Medicine Reviews (2011)


Are there sleep-specific phenotypes in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome? A cross-sectional polysomnography analysis

Zoe M Gotts, Vincent Deary, Julia Newton, Donna Van der Dussen, Pierre De Roy, and Jason G Ellis

BMJ Open 2013;3:e002999


The Natural History of Insomnia: Acute Insomnia and First-onset Depression

Jason G. Ellis, Michael L. Perlis, Célyne H. Bastien, Maria Gardani; and Colin A. Espie.

SLEEP, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2014, pp. 97-106.


The natural history of insomnia: Focus on prevalence and incidence of acute insomnia

Jason G. Ellis, Michael L. Perlis, Laura F. Neale, Colin A. Espie, and Célyne H. Bastien.

Journal of Psychiatric Research 46 (2012) 1278-1285


Priming affects poor sleepers but not normal sleepers on an Insomnia Ambiguity Task

Jason Ellis, Maria Gardani, and Henriette Hogh.

J. Sleep Res., 19, 27–30


The Role of Perceived Partner Alliance on the Efficacy of CBT-I: Preliminary Findings from the Partner Alliance in Insomnia Research Study (PAIRS)

Jason G. Ellis, Vincent Deary, and Wendy M. Troxel

Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 12:1–9, 2014


Sleep-related attentional bias in poor versus good sleepers is independent of affective valence

Nicola L. Barclay and Jason G. Ellis.

J Slp Res. (2013) 22: 414-421


Genetic Influences Contribute To Neurobehavioral Response To Acute Sleep Deprivation. Commentary on Kuna et al. Heritability of performance deficit accumulation during acute sleep deprivation in twins. SLEEP 2012;35:1223-1233.

Nicola L. Barclay, PhD; Jason G. Ellis, PhD

SLEEP, Vol. 35, No. 9, 2012, pp. 1191-1192.